Knee Injury & Knee Ligament Damage Treatment

Tuesday, 14 February 2017

What is a Knee Ligament?

A ligament is a short band of strong fibrous connective tissue composed primarily of long, tough collagen molecules. Ligaments join bones to other bones in and around joints. They do not join muscles to bones; that is the main function of tendons. Ligaments limit the amount of flexibility of a joint, or avert certain movements overall.The knee is a main part of the body, as it supports more Load than any other joint as well as having to resist more pressure when in action. Athletes put their knees under massive strain during their matches’ careers as well as rushing deterioration of the knee joint is related to those that lead a more inactive lifestyle; it can also cause sudden injury to the knee ligaments and cartilage that protect the knee joint, dramatically increasing the risk of damage. 

The knee joint is where three bones join: the thigh bone known as the femur, the lower leg bone is known as the tibia and the knee cap known as Patella. Cartilage discs, or menisci, let these bones to move effortlessly and also engross shocks to the knee. A torn meniscus is one of the most common knee injuries, mainly in athletes but also in common man due to twisting injury, and may need surgical repair.

Symptoms and Severity of Knee Ligament Injuries
  • The severity and symptoms of a Knee ligament sprain depends on the degree of tear
  • In a mild grade I sprain, the Knee ligaments may expanse, but they don't really tear. Although the joint may not get injured or swell a lot; a mild sprain can raise the risk of a repeat injury. 
  • With a moderate grade II sprain, the Knee ligament tears partly. Swelling and staining are common, and use of the joint is commonly painful and problematic.
  • With a severe grade III sprain, a ligament tears totally, causing puffiness and sometimes bleeding below the skin. As a result, the joint is uneven and unable to bear load. 

What will be the healing time of a Knee Ligament Injury?
  • Treatment of a ligament injury differs depending on its location and harshness.
    Grade I sprains generally heal within a few weeks. Maximal ligament strength will happen after six to seven weeks when the collagen fibers have matured.
  • When a grade II sprain occurs, use of a weight-bearing prop or some supportive taping is conjoint in early cure. This helps to ease the agony and avoid elongating of the healing ligament. After a grade II injury, you can typically return to action once the joint is constant and you are no longer having discomfort. This may take up to six to seven weeks. 
  • When a grade III injury occurs, you generally wear a hinged knee brace to guard the injury from weight-bearing pressures. The aim is to let for ligament healing and regularly return to usual activities. These injuries are most effectively treated via physiotherapy and may not return back to action for 4 to 5 months. 

Is it possible to prevent knee injury? 
Although you may protect your knee from a quick, acute injury by not playing sports or any games, you will be missing out on the many physical, mental and social benefits. Consultant knee surgeon in Mumbai and sports medicine specialist who will explains how you can minimize the danger of incurring an acute knee injury:
  • Good support is important; ensure that you wear helpful footwear that fits appropriately.
  • Protect yourself; ensure you wear all the suitable protective gear such as; knee pads or shin guards.
  • Prepare yourself properly; always warm up and cool down before you start playing your games.


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